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Effects of Hand Washing in Nursing

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Effects of Hand Washing in Nursing

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Effects of Hand Washing in Nursing

Article one: observance of hand washing procedures performed by the medical personnel after the patient contact

Study design

The study is a quantitative description (Katz, 2006) of how medical personnel adhere to hand washing after attending each patient. The data collected is quantifiable in a numerical form which will be analysed statistically. The data is gathered from the hospital premises where patients interact with the medical personnel.

Primary concept of interest

The central idea of interest in this study is to evaluate the adherence to hand washing by the medical personnel after each contact with a patient (Keele, 2011). This study explains prevention of infection transfer from one patient to another through nursing procedures. The relationship between hand washing by the medical personnel and the disease control and prevention is the concept of this study. At the end of the survey, the results explain how best the patients are protected from acquiring more infections from the hospitals.

Focus of the study

The study focuses on the need to follow the patient service protocols. It is designed to obtain information of how much medical personnel adhere to the rules of hand washing after attending each patient (Rice, 2006). The study also focuses on how the hospital acquired infections are controlled and prevented from the spread. The role of medical personnel is taking care of the patient in the best ways possible. The conclusion of the study will also provide the degree of exposure to the patient and the medical personnel because any infection can follow the patient path or the medical staff.

Variables

The study has one dependent variable that is in comparison to an independent variable. The dependent variable in the study is the number of medical personnel following the ethical rule of hand washing after patient attendance and those who use other hand disinfection methods apart from washing like applying hand sanitizers and alcohol added disinfectants. The independent variable includes data that is collected from the medical personnel who don’t follow the procedure and those who don’t follow the medical practice as required (Rice, 2006). The variables are also divided into more groups of the different hospital departments which enable a conclusion of which department exposes the patient more.

Methods of measurements

The variables to be compared that were described earlier as dependent and independent are measured through observational method. The data is then recorded in the respective variables. Then on the level of measurement, the interval level is now applied to find out the percentage in comparison to the total population. The dependent variable is compared to the entire population as the proportion of medical personnel who adhere to the hand washing protocol in patient care while the independent variable is the percentage of medical staff who don’t adhere to the hand washing protocol.

Population and sample size

The population under study must be all nurses or medical personnel working within hospital premises who are also the target population of the study. Other medical personnel that work outside the hospital premises are excluded in the study and also those who are qualified but not under practice are also excluded. The sample size is determined by the number of responses needed. Having a large sample size will eventually give more accurate results. The sample size is that amount of data which will be at least two-thirds of the population will respond. Other considerations in the sample size are possible margin error which is affected by the number of responses in the study. Another consideration is the confidence level where according to the researcher’s accuracy of a confident level of 90% to 95% is much better. Having these factors in consideration one will have the sample size that will fit the study.

Limitation

The only limitation of this study is that not all medical personnel will be faithful enough to state that they don’t wash hands after attending a patient. Most of the medical personnel are aware of the hand washing protocol only that adherence to this protocol is a problem. The researcher will have a problem in data collection based on the method used. The best method of data collection in this study is observation so as to keep the study on the margin error of plus or minus five with 95% accuracy. Observation method indeed is time-consuming for the researcher and also tiresome compared to questionnaire method. It is also possible to order it from experts (check out customwritings.com prices)

The data collected is only based on the medical personnel description or statement. The researcher method of collecting data like filling of a questionnaire, the results will be exaggerated and biased (Marshall, 2007).

Article two: infection control and prevention in home nursing

Study design

A qualitative study on how the infection control and prevention in home nursing is practised. The data collected is related to the patient’s nursing homes which consist of the measures that are put in place to control and prevent infection. The conclusion of the research is if present, how effective are the measures.

Primary concept of interest

The primary concept of this study is a step to find out how the nurses prevent and control infection in the nursing homes. This study explains the measures that are used in the nursing homes in the prevention of diseases.

Focus of the study

This study focuses on the measures that are used in the nursing homes to prevent infection and control the present diseases from spreading. This study also evaluates these methods of infection control on their effectiveness.

Variables

The variables in this study under comparison are dependent on the presence of measures for infection control and absence of these measures. The measures being used are then evaluated for their effectiveness. The dependent variable in this study is the effectiveness of the measures under practice while the independent variables are the absence of these actions and their failures.

Methods of measurement

The measurement level of the data collected relies on the three variables which are; the presence of measures for infection prevention, the absence of measures of infection prevention and the effectiveness of the available measures. The conclusion of the study, therefore, measures how the patient is exposed to infections in the nursing homes.

Population and sample size

The target population in this study being a case study of organisations that are selected for the study. The sample size in this study can be determined by the number of organisations or nursing homes in the area that are selected randomly.

Limitation

The limitation of this study is that the researcher will have to make a follow-up of the nursing homes so as to evaluate the effectiveness of the measures practised in the nursing homes. Another limitation is the method of data collection may be time-consuming, costly and tiresome for the researcher (Marshall, 2007).

 

 

Discussion Question

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Question One

Procrastination challenges people of different caliber in various ways by making them avoid tackling vital tasks that need urgency to get accomplished. Procrastination lures people into doing pleasurable tasks at the expense of urgent needs that get transferred to a later time (Bowman, 2008). The article in this paper provides different alternatives for solving the procrastination puzzle to enhance the productivity of individuals. It is important for one to know him and understand how procrastination affects his life and come up will a detailed list of the habits that cause procrastination. It becomes easy to address practices that lead to procrastination if one acknowledges them. Practicing effective time management skills that simplify working pattern enhanced by effective working plan helps alleviate procrastination (Ferrari, 2000). Change of perspective about the crucial task helps in identifying and get clarity of one’s personal goals thus improving engagement with essential tasks first. Change of working environment to work in more productive environments immensely aids in alleviating procrastination (Dill, 2008).

Last week I found myself giving priority to sporting activities in the community instead of committing on my assignment that was due on Monday. The task was important compared to the sports, but I opted to attend to the less demanding tasks and order it from essay writing service.

I admit the fact that I am a procrastinator even though I have put forth various measures to curb this unproductive behavior. Admitting that I am a procrastinator has enabled me to set reasonable targets in addressing the habit through realistic program reshuffles. I have devised a method of developing a flexible schedule that emphasizes on the important tasks at my most productive time. Positive talk is also top on my makeover plans when I feel like postponing a vital task.

Special religions. Religious beliefs in New The united kingdom through the 17th Century

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Special religions. Religious beliefs in New The united kingdom through the 17th Century религия

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Varying religions. Faith in New England through the 17th Century

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Varying religions. Faith in New England through the 17th Century исповедь

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Numerous religions. Religious beliefs in New Great britain during 17th Century

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Many religions. Religious beliefs in New England while in the 17th Century

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Many religions. Religious beliefs in New England while in the 17th Century дети и религия

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Several religions. Religion in New England on the 17th Century

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